It is a neurodegenerative disease which causes the loss of neurons in the brain particularly in the cortex area. It is also known as senile dementia. Dementia is the main cause of Alzheimer disease which is actually is a syndrome consists of poor memory and difficulty in learning. People with Alzheimer disease may have trouble remembering things that happened recently in their lives. Over time, they will not be able to recognize their own family members, friends or people around them with trouble in speaking, reading or writing. It can affect their daily social activities and directly their psychological and emotional and social well being.
It is caused due to plaques and tangles deposits of the protein named amyloid and tau around and within the brain cells in an abnormal fashion. People with Alzheimer disease have low levels of the neurotransmitter –acetylcholine in the brain. It begins slowly at first involves the part of the brain that controls thought, memory and language.