Asthma is the medical condition where the airways get inflated and narrowed and extra mucus is produced that makes breathing complicated and difficult. It also triggers wheezing, coughing and shortness of breath. In many patients Asthma is a minor nuisance, while for others it is a condition interfering their daily activities and may lead to Asthma Attack which is life threatening. Asthma is not a curable condition, but the associated symptoms can be managed. The condition keeps on changing over time and hence it is necessary to work with doctor to track the signs and symptoms and adjust the treatments accordingly.
The symptoms of Asthma range from minor to major and it may vary from person to person. Some of the common signs and symptoms of Asthma include:
There is no clear evidence to prove what causes Asthma in people. But some believe that it is because of a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Some of the factors that trigger Asthma are:
There are a number of factors which are believed to enhance the chance of developing Asthma and these factors are:
There are lots of complications like it interfere with work, sleep and recreational activities.
In order to find out the underlying triggers of Asthma, the doctors may ask you about the signs and symptoms and about other conditions. Your doctors will conduct tests to measure the lung functions. The lung pulmonary function test is done to find out how much air moves in and out when you breathe. Some of the test are Spirometry, peak flow etc. These are the test which is conducted in order to measure the air flow and the functioning of the lungs.
Doctors may also ask you to undergo several other test to diagnose Asthma and this includes:
As mentioned there is no permanent treatment available for v. But with long term control and presentation the Asthma attacks and symptoms can be controlled. The treatments usually include the steps to recognize the triggers and tips to avoiding them and tracking the breathing so as to ensure that your daily medications for controlling symptoms are working optimally. If the Asthma worsens then it is suggested that you must use quick relief inhaler like albuterol.
The medications that are used for controlling the symptoms of Asthma include:
Doctors may also ask you to use the quick relief medications which are prescribed for short term symptom relief during your Asthma attack. This includes:
If the condition is triggered by allergens in environ, then doctors may ask you take allergy medications to help alleviate the symptoms of Asthma. This includes:
The treatment plan for Asthma is based on the severity and symptoms of the condition and hence it is necessary that you provide complete details of symptoms that you are facing to get exact treatment for your condition.