Bacterial Vaginosis is the condition where inflammation in vagina occurs due to overgrowth of different types of bacteria that are naturally present in vagina. This hampers the natural balance of vaginal bacteria. Women during their reproductive years are mostly affected by this condition. However, others women are also likely to experience Bacterial Vaginosis. Doctors are still unaware why this condition is caused, but they are suspecting that certain activities like frequent douching or unprotected sexual intercourse increase the risk of developing the condition.
There are specific signs and symptoms which may distinguish Bacterial Vaginosis from other conditions. The symptoms include:
As mentioned, Bacterial Vaginosis is the condition that is caused due to overgrowth of different organisms which are naturally present in the vagina. It is caused when the good bacteria like lactobacilli outnumber the bad ones like anaerobes in vagina. When the number of bad bacteria in vagina increases, it hampers the natural pH levels and balance of microorganisms in vagina and this result in Bacterial Vaginosis.
Some of the risk factors of Bacterial Vaginosis include:
Usually, Bacterial Vaginosis causes no complications, but under certain situation Bacterial Vaginosis may lead to:
There are certain tests which would be performed by the doctor to confirm Bacterial Vaginosis. Doctors may start the diagnosis with asking question about medical history and previous vaginal infections and STD. Some of the tests which are conducted by doctors to confirm Bacterial Vaginosis include:
Doctors usually start the treatment of Bacterial Vaginosis with medications. Doctors may prescribe you with certain medications which need to be taken orally. You may also be asked to use ointment or creams to restore the production of good bacteria in vaginal environment. Discuss with your doctor to learn about the effective medications for the condition and ensure to keep checking the vaginal environment if you notice any symptoms. Pregnant women are likely to develop the symptoms and it needs to be treated timely to reduce the risk of premature birth or low birth weight.
You must take the medications as prescribed and apply the cream as prescribed to eliminate the symptoms of Bacterial Vaginosis. Stopping the treatment earlier may increase the risk of recurrence.