Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

Men, after a certain age getting older, tend to get enlargement in their prostate glands. This condition is called Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia or Prostate gland enlargement. This is the common factor that causes many other conditions like inability to urinate out of the bladder. This can also cause certain problems in the kidney, in the urinary bladder, and in urinary tracts.

Depending on the size of the enlargement, the treatment and recovery options will be continued by the doctors. The patient’s health history, symptoms after the prostate enlargement, and the size of the growth will be taken into account.

What are the Symptoms of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

There are several symptoms related to the prostate gland enlargement. Depending on the variety of this condition, the symptoms can vary from one person to another. If there are any continuous symptoms of the following, then it is time to go for a check up to your doctors.

  • Nocturia: At night, it is common to get up twice or thrice depending on the individual. If this limit tends to exceed visibly, then this condition is called Nocturia. The symptom of Nocturia can relate to the enlargement of the prostate gland.
  • Difficulty in urinating: The urination becomes a struggling condition. If there are any straining while urinating, difficulty in emptying the bladder with knowing, increased frequency and urgency to urinate, and related conditions are the symptoms of BPH.
  • Dribbling: This is a factor that can be related to difficulty in letting the urine completely out. The dribbling of remaining urine can happen after urinating and this is the most common symptom of the prostate gland enlargement.
  • Weak flow: If you find the flow of the urine is weak or slower than the normal, then this might be the cause of BPH.
  • On and off: If you cannot urinate in a continuous flow and if it stops for a while and starts again, then this can be due to the enlargement of the prostate gland.
  • Infection: If there is any serious infection on these glands, then you can see little blood combine with urine. If any discoloration is seen, then you should definitely visit your doctor.

What are the Causes of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

There are many causes that can lead to prostate gland enlargement but everything is natural. Men’s physiologies tend to balance out the hormones that can cause enlargement of the prostate glands. This, in turn, blocks the urinary tract that is urethra of the male. This is a common cause of the BPH in males. Other causes can be urinary tract infection and bleeding while urinating can also be an important cause for this condition.

If you find any of these complications, then you should delay from getting treatment from hospitals as follows

  • Kidney damage
  • Urinary bladder damage
  • Urinary tract stones
  • Urinary Tract Infections
  • Inability to urinate

What are the Risk Factors of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

The risk factors of the Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia BPH are as follows

  • Aging: The men can be prone to Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia when they age and is rarely found in men of ages below 40. The risks are higher to men above 60 years of age.
  • Lifestyle: The people who are obese have a higher risk of BPH. Doing regular exercise and keeping the body fit can help in reducing the symptoms.
  • Genetic history: If you have a father or brother who has prostate enlargement issues in blood relations, then there are higher chances.
  • Ethnicity: The BPH is more commonly found in white men and less common in Black and Asian men.
  • Other diseases: Many studies prove that patients with heart disease or diabetes have higher chances of BPH.

Treatment for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

With a few lifestyle changes, patients with fewer symptoms can be cured. If the problem is serious, then it can be treated with medications like alpha blockers, Phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors, and other combination medications are prescribed. If the medication does not work out, then doctors can go for minimally invasive procedures. Finally, if there is no way, then the doctors recommend surgery.

There are many treatment options available and hence there is nothing to worry about. Apart from drugs, watchful waiting with mild lifestyle changes will have greater effects.

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